Welcome to ticket 2 english conclusion
Qualities of youth:
Punctual: comes/ arrives on the time.
Sociable: friendly and enjoys the company of other people.
Persuasive: good at influencing people.
Cooperative: works well with other people.
Conscientious: take his job seriously.
Flexible: adapts easily to diffe
Courage-The mindset that enables a person to face difficulty. Courage is not the absence of fear but rather the willingness to do something in spite of fear.
Change Agent -The ability to not only move people and things in a new direction, but also to accept, handle and thrive in the midst of change. A change agent is one who can create a sense of urgency for a new direction, and guide a group down the path of that new direction.
Perseverance -The ability to remain steady in a course of action; having tenacity and endurance despite hardship or discouragement.
Risk Taking -The courage to begin a course of action or make a decision even though failure is a possibility. Risk takers realize that no one succeeds at every
turn, and sometimes more can be learned from failure than success.
Creativity -The ability to use originality, innovation and imagination to solve problems or dream dreams. A creative leader thinks "outside the box."
Confidence- The steady belief or trust in yourself and your abilities. The opposite of confidence is low self esteem or feeling worthless.
Self-Discipline- The ability to control your actions and order your behavior appropriately.
Honesty -Having truthfulness and integrity in your actions and dealings with others.
SPAN> - I believe that
- It seems to me that
- My point of view is
- As for as I'm concerned
- I guess that
- In my opinion
- What matters to me most is
I agree with you
I share the same view
It is a good idea
I think so,
I disagree with you
I don't think so
Sorry, but you are wrong
I agree with you but,
I don't agree with you
- I agree with you the voluntary work is a part of youth.
- I agree with you, but the voluntary work is not a part of youth.
Infinitive and gerund
Some expressions followed by infinitive:
want decide hope tray
need offer &nbs
plan refuse promise learn
+ to ... ( to do/ to go/ to be etc.)
- You want to go out this night?
- I hope to visit Canada.
Some expressions followed by gerund:
Like love &
nbsp; suggest stop
hate mind enjoy finish
+ ...ing (working/ driving etc.)
- Do you like driv
- I love gett ing up in the morning.
would like would love would hate <
B> would prefer
+ to ... ( to do/ to learning etc.)
- I would like to travel to Spain next year.
- I would prefer to watch football in home.
Some expressions followed by infinitive or gerund:
hate love prefer start
begin remember continue
+ to ... ( to do etc.) or + ...ing ( doing etc.)
- I prefer to travel by car. Or I prefer travell ing by car.
- I start to read the newspaper. Or I start read ing the newspaper.
Some expressions followed by infinitive without to :
let help should may
p; could must had
better can might let's
+ ... (go/ do etc.)
- Let's go to Jamaa El-Fna.
- You must work hard in order to success.
B> The ruler to write a good writing:
- The writing form.
- Topic sentence.
- Supporting ideas.
- Grammar mistakes.
- Spelling mistakes.
; Argentine's footballer genius
Lionel Messi born in ( June 24, 1987 in Rosario, santa porvince, Argentine. He is an Argentine's footballer who plays for F.C. Barcelona in " La liga" in Spain and a member of Argentine national team. The people say: " Messi is new Maradona" because he play football like Maradona. This finally named Messi his successor, more than this Messi scored solo goal for f.c.Barcelona against Getafe on 18 April 2007. He took the ball from inside the half hire and sprinted past five defenders and the goalie before booting the ball home from a short angle, this goal like the Maradona's goal against England in the 1986 world cup.
In his career he gained with his international team the Fifa world youth championship under 21 years in Netherland in 2005, Here he won the prize for the best player of the tournament and became top scorer, but with his team Barcelona when he burst his talented and his skills he gained " la liga " in 2005, 2006 and the champions league in 2006. Physically, he is round-faced, while looking with black small eyes and long straight hair. He have a medium height and well-built. Every day dressed in a casual clothes. For his abilities, he is talented, optimistic, sociable and even-tempered.
Finally believe or not, Messi is the good player in the world. No, he is the so better player in the world.
Vocabulary of humour:
to crack up
V. to laugh uncontrollably, to laugh a lot
A. not obvious, subtle (sense of humor)
V. to laugh a little without
opening your mouth very much
A. funny, amusing
N. the act of speaking or singing like a famous person
V. to make jokes, to joke with someone; to not be serious about something
a stand-up comedian
N. a person who entertains by telling humorous stories and jokes; a professional comedian who perfor
A. funny in a slightly stupid way; funny in a way which is not really intelligent or sophisticated
A. 1) sick, disgusting, abnormal 2) using sick or disgusting things in a humorous way
A. 1) funny in an intelligent way 2) full of fast, humorous responses
A. = Adjective ADV. = Adverb N. = No
un V. = Verb
Asking for clarification:
Expression to show lack of clarification
Expressions to show lack of understanding
Do you mean...?
Would you clarify that, please?
Could you explain that, please?
what do you mind by that?
Example: Do you mean
I'm not sure, i got your point
I can't understand
I beg your pardon
I don't quite see what you mean
Example : I can understand what we did yesterday
Ways of expressing a request:
Sorry, i can't
I'm a fraid
Yes, i can
Yes, with pleasure
It's my pleasure
Would you mind verb+ing?
Will you ...?
Students must work hard in order to succeed
Last year, students had to work hard in order to succeed
Next year, students will have to work hard in order to succeed
Hamid is not here today, he must be sick
Hamid was absent yesterday, he must have been sick
Students should / ought to do their home work
Last year, students should have done their home work
If you work hard, you may have good marks
If you had worked hard, you may have had good marks
Lack of necessity:
You don't / needn't have to get a ticket for the show, It's free.
You didn't have to get a ticket for the show, it was free.
You needn't have got a ticket for the show, it was free
Some benefits of humour:
Improved respiration and circulation
Oxygenates the blood
Lowers blood pressure
Heart beats stronger
Stimulates the nervous system
Boosts the immune system
Healing chemicals are released
Powerful stress reducer
Creativity is boosted
Enhances mental flexibility
Courage to deal with adverse situations
Boosts playfulness and spontaneity
Positive energy is surging through every cell of your body .
The main elements for writing a funny story:
- Date of the incident
- People involved
- Main events
- What was funny
Example for a funny story:
Types of education and
Formal education: is the structured educational system provided by the government for students, running from primary school through the university.
Non-formal education: refers to learning and teaching programs that are organized in school-like settings, but are not part of the formal system of education. It provides basic education for children or adults not attending schools.
Informal education: refers to learning that occurs outside of school-like settings in the contest of daily life and work. It is a lifelong process whereby individuals acquire knowledge, skills, attitudes and values from daily experience and the education influences and resources in his/her environment.
Vocational education: prepares learners for careers or professions related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation.
Special education: describes an education alternative that focuses on
the teaching of students with special (behavioral, health, academic, or physical) needs that cannot be met using traditional programs or techniques.
Gifted education: is a broad tern for special practices, procedures and theories used in the education of children who have been identified as gifted or talented.
Literacy: (opposite: illiteracy) the ability to read and write. In modern context, a literate person is someone who can use a personal computer too.
E-learning: learning based on both computer and communication technology. Such devices can include personal computers, Cd ROMs, digital TV, the use of the internet , email, discussion forums.
to + infinitive
for + noun
for + ...ing
in order to + infinitive
so that + modal
so as to + infinitive
- Our government opened new schools to encourage more children to attend school.
- Our government opened new schools for encouraging more children to attend school.
- Our government opened new schools in order to encourage more children to attend school.
The past perfect is used to show tha one event happened befor another.
Past perfect _________________ befor ______________Past simple.
* I had
Every one will know his result before summer holiday.
- Next week, I will visit Barcelona.
- How many time you will stay in Morocco?
Women and power vocabulary
Stereotype: an exaggerated or wrong image of the characteristics of particular group.
Violence: actions or words which are intended to hurt people.
Feminism: a movement witch advocates the right of women to have equal opportunities to those possessed by men.
Self-confidence: belief in one's own abilities and skills.
International women's day: an occasion celebrated by women's groups around the world on March 8.
Emancipation: freeing someone socially or politically.
Polygamy: having more than one spouse.
Gender: male or female.
family code, dominate, differ, organize, govern, feminine, ignore, untitled, globalise, resist, active, improve, inferior, criticise, equal, repudiate, participate, responsible, manage, d
Expressions of Concession and Addition
Expressions of Concession
Although / Though women's situation has improved. Violence against them persists.
Women's situation has improved. However / Yet, violence against them persists.
In spite of
- Despite / In spite of the improvement women's situation violence against them persists.
- Despite / In spite of having two handicaps, Helen Keller learned to milk a cow and make bread.
Expressions of Addition
- Mrs Smith is an intelligent teacher. In addition / Moreover, she takes an interest in the personal well-being of her students.
- Mrs Smith is an intelligent teacher. She also takes an interest in the personal well-being o
f her students.
As well as
Mrs Smith is an intelligent teacher as well as she takes an interest in the personal well-being of her students.
Along with being an intelligent teacher, Mrs Smith takes an interest in the personal well-being of her students.
Not only ..…but….. ..…Also
Mrs Smith isn't only an intelligent teacher, but she also takes an interest in the p
ersonal well-being of her students.
* We keep the better here.
The butter is kept her
* Yesterday, Ahmed broke the window.
Yesterday, the window was broken by Ahmed.
* Khadija will prepare a cake this afternoon.
A cake will be prepared by khadija this afternoon.
* Students should revise the lessons regularly.
That lessons should be revised by students regularly.
* The Moroccan women's associations support maid servant.
Maid servants are supported by the Moroccan's women association.
* Amine is carrying a heavy box.
A heavy box is being carried by Amine.
Subject + verb + object
Object + to be in the tense of the active + past participle of the verb + by subject
How to write a Book Review?
Parts of the review
Techniques used in the novel
Summary of the novel
Critics evaluation of the novel
Example for a Book Review:
The Last Day of a Condemned Man by Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo was a French poet, playwright, novelist, essayist, visual artist, statesman, human rights campaigner, and perhaps the most influential exponent of the Romantic movement in France. Of novels: "The last day of a condemned man" and" The miserable"
"The Last Day of a Condemned Man" is a novel thesis. It tells the story of a young man he waiting his last day for execution. Who calls for the pity.
The novel describe a man who has been fated to death writes down his cogitations, feelings and fears while he is waiting for his execution. He does not betray his name to the reader or what he has d
one, though he vaguely hints that he has killed someone. He describes his life in prison, everything from what his cell looks like to the personality of the prison priest. On the day he is to be executed he will see his three-year-old daughter for the last time, but she does not recognize him.
For critics, the is so wonderful novel it gives the general idea and clear image about the death penalty.
Cultural values vocabulary
Altruism ; selflessness, generos
Citizenship ; the set of rights and duties a person has towards his own community.
Initiative; the ability or opportunity to act before other does.
Tolerance ; the ability to accept and respect the opinions and belief of others.
Coexistence ; the ability to live together in harmony.
Cooperation ; the act of participating with others and working together towards the same end.
Equity ; equal treatment to anyone.
Define your concepts
Expressions we use when we define:
Can be define
It refers to
Can be described
Making and responding to complaints
Making a complaint
Sorry to say it, but you…
Enough is enough
I just don’t know how to say it, but…
I have a complaint
Oh, I've got a bit of problem here, you see…
I do apologise
Sorry about that
I cant tell you how sorry I
It's not important
Don’t worry about it
Well, I'm afraid there isn't much we can do about it.
Well, I'm afraid there is nothing we can we can do about it.
Come across ; find by chance
Set up ; establish
Bring up ; educate a child
Pick up ; collect
Take off ; leave ground
Cut down on ; reduce
Carry on ; continue
Take up ; start a hobby
or a leisure activity
blow up discuss
break up comfort get up postpone give up rise go away leave get into educate
look for explode put off consider send back remove talk about arrive
think over abandon turn up return walk about inter run away disintegrate
take off stroll cheer up flee bring up solve clear up seek
•♂◄ Shintoism, Shinto...►♂ - Ticket 2 english conclusion 2bac - مايجب معرفته لانشاء جدول التقدم - حصري-
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