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Ticket 2 english conclusion 2bac
الدراسة والمناهج التعليمية




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Ticket 2 english conclusion 2bac



•♂◄ Shintoism, Shinto...►♂ - Ticket 2 english conclusion 2bac - مايجب معرفته لانشاء جدول التقدم - حصري-
الدراسة والمناهج التعليمية|الأرشيف|الرئيسية
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Welcome to ticket 2 english conclusion

Unit 01

 

Qualities of youth:

Punctual: comes/ arrives on the time.
Sociable: friendly and enjoys the company of other people.
Persuasive: good at influencing people.
Cooperative: works well with other people.
Conscientious: take his job seriously.
Flexible: adapts easily to diffe rent.
Courage-The mindset that enables a person to face difficulty.   Courage is not the absence of fear but rather the willingness to do something in spite of fear.

Change Agent -The ability to not only move people and things in a new direction, but also to accept, handle and thrive in the midst of change.  A change agent is one who can create a sense of urgency for a new direction, and guide a group down the path of that new direction.

Perseverance -The ability to remain steady in a course of action; having tenacity and endurance despite hardship or discouragement.

Risk Taking -The courage to begin a course of action or make a decision even though failure is a possibility.  Risk takers realize that no one succeeds at every turn, and sometimes more can be learned from failure than success.

Creativity -The ability to use originality, innovation and imagination to solve problems or dream dreams.  A creative leader thinks "outside the box."

Confidence- The steady  belief or trust in yourself and your abilities.  The opposite of confidence is low self esteem or feeling worthless.

Self-Discipline- The ability to control your actions and order your behavior appropriately.

Honesty -Having truthfulness and integrity in your actions and dealings with others.

Expressions opinion:
- I believe that
- It seems to me that
- My point of view is
- As for as I'm concerned
- I guess that
- In my opinion
- What matters to me most is  

 

Agreeing

Disagreeing

I agree with you

I share the same view

It is a good idea

You're right

I think so,

That's true

I disagree with you

I don't think so

Sorry, but you are wrong

I agree with you but,

I don't agree with you



Example:

-
I agree with you the voluntary work is a part of youth.
- I agree with you, but the voluntary work is not a part of youth.
 

 

Infinitive and gerund

Some expressions followed by infinitive:

 

want            decide           hope            tray

need            offer             &nbs p;expect          forget

plan             refuse           promise        learn


                    + to ... ( to do/ to go/ to be etc.)

 

Examples:

       - You want to go out this night?

       - I hope to visit Canada.

 

                    


 

Some expressions followed by gerund:

 

Like            love          & nbsp;    suggest        stop

hate            mind             enjoy            finish

 

                   + ...ing (working/ driving etc.)

 

Examples:

       - Do you like driv ing ?

       - I love gett ing up in the morning.

 

                   


But:

would like          would love            would hate              < B> would prefer

     

            + to ... ( to do/ to learning etc.)

 

Examples:

       - I would like to travel to Spain next year.

       - I would prefer to watch football in home.

 

                   


Some expressions followed by infinitive or gerund:

 

hate             love             prefer              start

begin           remember    continue         

 

              + to ... ( to do etc.)   or + ...ing ( doing etc.)

 

Examples:

       - I prefer to travel by car. Or I prefer travell ing by car.

       - I start to read the newspaper. Or I start read ing the newspaper.

 

                   


Some expressions followed by infinitive without to :

 

let                help            should             may 

will &nbs p;             could          must               had

better           can            might               let's            

recommend

              

               + ...  (go/ do etc.)

 

Examples:

       - Let's go to Jamaa El-Fna.

       - You must work hard in order to success.


                                                   Writing

< B> The ruler to write a good writing:

             - The writing form.
             - Topic sentence.
             - Indentation.
             - Supporting ideas.
             - Punctuation.
             - Grammar mistakes.
             - Spelling mistakes.

Application:

                 ;                      Argentine's footballer genius
      Lionel Messi born in ( June 24, 1987 in Rosario, santa porvince, Argentine. He is an Argentine's footballer who plays for F.C. Barcelona in " La liga" in Spain and a member of Argentine national team. The people say: " Messi is new Maradona" because he play football like Maradona. This finally named Messi his successor, more than this Messi scored solo goal for f.c.Barcelona against Getafe on 18 April 2007. He took the ball from inside the half hire and sprinted past five defenders and the goalie before booting the ball home from a short angle, this goal like the Maradona's goal against England in the 1986 world cup.

In his career he gained with his international team the Fifa world youth championship under 21 years in Netherland in 2005, Here he won the prize for the best player of the tournament and became top scorer, but with his team Barcelona when he burst his talented and his skills he gained " la liga " in 2005, 2006 and the champions league in 2006. Physically, he is round-faced, while looking with black small eyes and long straight hair. He have a medium height and well-built. Every day dressed in a casual clothes. For his abilities, he is talented, optimistic, sociable and even-tempered.

Finally believe or not, Messi is the good player in the world. No, he is the so better player in the world. 


Unit 02

Vocabulary of humour:

to crack up

V. to laugh uncontrollably, to laugh a lot

dry

A. not obvious, subtle (sense of humor)

to giggle

V. to laugh a little without opening your mouth very much

humorous

A. funny, amusing

an impression

N. the act of speaking or singing like a famous person

to kid

V. to make jokes, to joke with someone; to not be serious about something

a stand-up comedian

N. a person who entertains by telling humorous stories and jokes; a professional comedian who perfor ms live

silly

A. funny in a slightly stupid way; funny in a way which is not really intelligent or sophisticated

twisted

A. 1) sick, disgusting, abnormal 2) using sick or disgusting things in a humorous way

witty

A. 1) funny in an intelligent way 2) full of fast, humorous responses 

A. = Adjective    ADV. = Adverb     N. = No un    V. = Verb

 

 

 Asking for clarification:

  Expression to show lack of clarification

  Expressions to show lack of understanding

 

Do you mean...?
Would you clarify that, please?
Could you explain that, please?
what do you mind by that?

Example:
Do you mean 
modals?  


I'm not sure, i got your point
I can't understand
I beg your pardon
I don't quite see what you mean


Example : I can understand what we did yesterday

 

 


Ways of expressing a request:

Declining

Accepting

Making requests

Sorry, i can't

yes, but...


I'm a fraid

I can't

 

Yes, Sure
Yes, i can
Yes, with pleasure
It's my pleasure
No, problem
Of course

 

Would you mind verb+ing?

Can you...?

Will you ...?

 

 

Modals

Obligation:

Students must work hard in order to succeed
Last year, students had to
work hard in order to succeed
Next year, students will have to
work hard in order to succeed

Positive conclusion:

Hamid is not here today, he must be
sick
Hamid was absent yesterday, he must have been
sick

Advice:

Students should / ought to
do their home work
Last year, students should have done
their home work

Probability/possibility:

If you work hard, you may have
good marks
If you had worked hard, you may have had
good marks

Lack of necessity:

You don't / needn't have to get a ticket for the show, It's free.
You didn't have to get
a ticket for the show, it was free.
You needn't have got a ticket for the show, it was free

Some benefits of humour:


Physically:
Improved respiration and circulation
Oxygenates the blood
Lowers blood pressure
Heart beats stronger
Stimulates the nervous system
Boosts the immune system
Healing chemicals are released

Mentally:

Powerful stress reducer
Encourages adaptability
Creativity is boosted
Increase s productivity
Enhances mental flexibility 

Emotionally:
Courage to deal with adverse situations
Boosts playfulness and spontaneity
Builds morale
Relationship builder

Spiritually:

Positive energy is surging through every cell of your body .

 

Funny story


The main elements for writing a funny story:

- Date of the incident
- Place
- People involved
- Main events
- What was funny

Example for a funny story:




Unit 03

 

Types of education and definitions:


Formal education: is the structured educational system provided by the government for students, running from primary school through the university.

Non-formal education: refers to learning and teaching programs that are organized in school-like settings, but are not part of the formal system of education. It provides basic education for children or adults not attending schools.

Informal education: refers to learning that occurs outside of school-like settings in the contest of daily life and work. It is a lifelong process whereby individuals acquire knowledge, skills, attitudes and values from daily experience and the education influences and resources in his/her environment.

Vocational education: prepares learners for careers or professions related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation.

Special education: describes an education alternative that focuses on the teaching of students with special (behavioral, health, academic, or physical) needs that cannot be met using traditional programs or techniques.

Gifted education: is a broad tern for special practices, procedures and theories used in the education of children who have been identified as gifted or talented.

Literacy: (opposite: illiteracy) the ability to read and write. In modern context, a literate person is someone who can use a personal computer too.

E-learning: learning based on both computer and communication technology. Such devices can include personal computers, Cd ROMs, digital TV, the use of the internet , email, discussion forums.

 

Express Purpose



Structure:

to + infinitive
for + noun
for + ...ing

in order to + infinitive
so that + modal
so as to + infinitive


 Examples:

-  Our government opened new schools to
encourage more children to attend school.

-  Our government opened new schools for encouraging
more children to attend school.

-  Our government opened new schools in order to encourage more children to attend school.

 

     Past perfect:


The past perfect is used to show tha one event happened befor another.

Past perfect  _________________ befor ______________Past simple.

* I
had
cut
* I had
eaten
* I had
swum
* I had
woken
* I had spread


The structure of past perfect is: ... had + past participle

Example:

-  Nadia only
understood the text in Spanish because she had read it twice.

- She got a good mark because she had revised
well before.

- Amine had had a part-time job for two years before he finished
his studies.

- After Zahra had finished her homework. She went
to bed.

- Before went to bed. Zahra had finished her homework.


Unit 04

Vocabulary of sustainable development:


Sustainable development: it means economic activity that improves human well-being without economic growth in physical scale. However, this definition is qualified because, as Center for the Advancement of the Steady S tate Economy notes, economic growth in nations with much poverty is appropriate for the time being. Of course sustainable development supports a steady-state economy. Sustainable development is distinct from its conventional meaning in that it does not mean continual growth in physical scale nor does it only mean more efficient use of resources or environmental friendliness; after all, it is conceived that economic growth exceeds the Earth’s carrying capacity. 

Sustainable development

Economic issues

Environment issues

Social issues

- Raw mater

  - Micro enterprises

- Energy preservation

- Money investment

 - Transport infrastructure

- Climate change

- Water pollution

- Forest preservation

- Ecological crisis

- Recycling waste

- Health care

  - Social justice

 -Poverty elimination

- Property rights

 Equal pay for women -

 

  Expressions of cause and effect:

 

Expressions of effect

Expressions of cause

One effect

Because of this

As a result

As a consequence

Consequentl y

so

Because

Due to

One cause of

The reson is



Exemples:

 

- Cities have grown so large due to an increasing industrialisation.

 

- Cities have grown so large because there in an increasing industrialisation.

 

- Factory jobs attracted people . So, cities become overcrowded.

 

- Factory jobs attracted people . As a result, cities become overcrowded.

 

- People emigrate from countryside because there are no places of leisure, entertainment,and culture in the countryside.

 

- There are no places of leisure, entertainment, and culture in the countryside . Because of this, people emigrate from countryside.

 

 

Future perfect and future simple




Future perfect:

By the end of June, every one will have known his result.

                              will have +
past participle

Examples:


- By the end of this decade, young people will have regained confidence in political parties.

- By the end of 2050, women will have become more educated.



Future simple:

Every one will know his result before summer holiday.


Examples:


- Next week, I will visit Barcelona.

- How many time you will stay in Morocco?


 

Unit 05

 

Women and power vocabulary


Stereotype: an exaggerated or wrong image of the characteristics of particular group.

Violence: actions or words which are intended to hurt people.

Feminism: a movement witch advocates the right of women to have equal opportunities to those possessed by men.

Self-confidence: belief in one's own abilities and skills.

International women's day: an occasion celebrated by women's groups around the world on March 8.

Emancipation: freeing someone socially or politically.

Polygamy: having more than one spouse.

Gender: male or female.

family code, dominate, differ, organize, govern, feminine, ignore, untitled, globalise, resist, active, improve, inferior, criticise, equal, repudiate, participate, responsible, manage, d ependent

Expressions of Concession and Addition

Expressions of Concession

Examples


 

Although

 

Though

Although / Though women's situation has improved. Violence against them persists.

However

 

Yet

Women's situation has improved. However / Yet, violence against them persists.

Despite

 

In spite of

- Despite / In spite of the improvement women's situation violence against them persists.

- Despite / In spite of having two handicaps, Helen Keller learned to milk a cow and make bread.

 

 
















 

Expressions of Addition

Examples

< /DIV>

 

In addition

 

Moreover

 

Also

- Mrs Smith is an intelligent teacher. In addition / Moreover, she takes an interest in the personal well-being of her students.

- Mrs Smith is an intelligent teacher. She also takes an interest in the personal well-being o f her students.

As well as

Mrs Smith is an intelligent teacher as well as she takes an interest in the personal well-being of her students.

Along with

Along with being an intelligent teacher, Mrs Smith takes an interest in the personal well-being of her students.

Not only ..…but….. ..…Also

Mrs Smith isn't only an intelligent teacher, but she also takes an interest in the p ersonal well-being of her students.

 

Passive voice

 

 

* We keep the better here.

 

The butter is kept her

 

* Yesterday, Ahmed broke the window.

 

Yesterday, the window was broken by Ahmed.

 

* Khadija will prepare a cake this afternoon.

 

A cake will be prepared by khadija this afternoon.

 

* Students should revise the lessons regularly.

 

That lessons should be revised by students regularly.

 

* The Moroccan women's associations support maid servant.

 

Maid servants are supported by the Moroccan's women association.

 

* Amine is carrying a heavy box.

 

A heavy box is being carried by Amine.

 

Active sentence:

Subject + verb + object

 

Passive sentence:

Object + to be in the tense of the active + past participle of the verb + by subject

 

  Book Review


How to write a Book Review?

Parts of the review

Titles

Part 1

Author's background

Part 2

Techniques used in the novel

Part 3

Summary of the novel

Part 4

Critics evaluation of the novel


Example for a Book Review:

The Last Day of a Condemned Man by Victor Hugo

 

 

Victor Hugo was a French poet, playwright, novelist, essayist, visual artist, statesman, human rights campaigner, and perhaps the most influential exponent of the Romantic movement in France. Of novels: "The last day of a condemned man" and" The miserable"

 

"The Last Day of a Condemned Man" is a novel thesis. It tells the story of a young man he waiting his last day for execution. Who calls for the pity.


The novel describe a man who has been fated to death writes down his cogitations, feelings and fears while he is waiting for his execution. He does not betray his name to the reader or what he has d one, though he vaguely hints that he has killed someone. He describes his life in prison, everything from what his cell looks like to the personality of the prison priest. On the day he is to be executed he will see his three-year-old daughter for the last time, but she does not recognize him.


For critics, the is so wonderful novel it gives the general idea and clear image about  the death penalty.

 


Unit 06

Cultural values vocabulary

Altruism ; selflessness, generos ity, kindness.

Citizenship ; the set of rights and duties a person has towards his own community.

Initiative; the ability or opportunity to act before other does.

Tolerance ; the ability to accept and respect the opinions and belief of others.

Coexistence ; the ability to live together in harmony.

Cooperation ; the act of participating with others and working together towards the same end.

Equity ; equal treatment to anyone.

 

Define your concepts

Expressions we use when we define:

Can be define

It refers to

It means

Can be described

It designates

 

Making and responding to complaints

Making a complaint

Apologising

Sorry to say it, but you…

Enough is enough

I just don’t know how to say it, but…

I have a complaint

Oh, I've got a bit of problem here, you see…

I do apologise

Sorry about that

I cant tell you how sorry I am

Accepting apologies

Rejecting complaints

It's ok

It's not important

Never mind

Don’t   worry about it

Well, I'm afraid there isn't much we can do about it.

Well, I'm afraid there is nothing we can we can do about it.

 

 

Phrasal verbs

Come across ; find by chance

Set up ; establish

Bring up ; educate a child

Pick up ; collect

Take off ; leave ground

Cut down on ; reduce

Carry on ; continue

Take up ; start a hobby or a leisure activity

blow up   discuss

break up comfort get up postpone give up  rise go away leave    get into educate

look for explode put off consider send back remove talk about arrive

think over abandon   turn up return    walk about inter   run away disintegrate

take off stroll   cheer up flee   bring up solve    clear up seek



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•♂◄ Shintoism, Shinto...►♂ - Ticket 2 english conclusion 2bac - مايجب معرفته لانشاء جدول التقدم - حصري-
الدراسة والمناهج التعليمية|الأرشيف|الرئيسية


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